NEW ZEALAND UNDERWATER COURSES
Syllabus in Detail

Return to New Zealand Underwater courses for general descriptions of course requirements and programme content

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Recommended course materials may be obtained from New Zealand Underwater trainers and are as for the Boatmaster Certificate Course.

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GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
ENGINEERING

General Knowledge
1Boat handling
1.1Demonstrate the knowledge of the factors which effect vessel stability and loading.
1.2Describe the actions of rudders and propellers, how to steer a vessel, pivot points and effects of wind and tide.
1.3 Outline the principles of handling techniques, including launching and recovering a trailed vessel, stopping and turning in a limited space, approaching other boats, wharf's, approaching persons in the water, leaving or entering berths or marina's.
1.4 Demonstrate knowledge of anchoring and anchor types use of chain and warps including specifically sited mooring stations for in water activities.
1.5 Describe the principles of boat handling in adverse conditions including egress and entry from beach in surf conditions, following seas, shifting of loads, securing loads, use of sea anchors or drogues.
1.6 Demonstrate knowledge of principles and precautions when crossing bars.
2Boat equipment and use
2.1 Explain the equipment that should be carried on any boat working within enclosed waters or not more than five nautical miles from a safe haven or as specified in the vessels Safe Operational Plan (SOP).
2.2 Explain and demonstrate knowledge of the use of specialised equipment relevant to specific boat task including oxygen, drift lines and floats (Master of a Small Dive Boat only).
3Charts
3.1 Demonstrate knowledge and application of chart use appropriate to enclosed limits or within five nautical miles of a safe haven to fix a position.
3.2 Find the magnetic and true course between two positions on a chart.
3.3 Recognise signs and symbols on any given chart in New Zealand waters and describe their meaning.
3.4 Plot a course on a chart, taking transits and hand held compass bearings.
3.5 Recognise any lights described on a chart and describe their meaning.
3.6 Calculate distance from a chart.
3.7 Calculate boat speed using time distance calculations.
3.8 Make corrections to charts from information obtained in the New Zealand Notice to Mariners.
3.9 Be familiar with nautical publications Marine Notices Series B, NZ201, NZ202 and NZ204.
3.10Update the compass rose on a chart.
4International regulations for prevention of collision at sea
4.0 Recognise the lights, day shapes and fog signals for classes of vessels.
4.1Recognise the maneuvering sound signals and know when to use them.
4.2Recognise a developing collision situation by visual means.
4.3State the correct action to take by day and by night to avoid collision, using models of projected images.
4.4Describe the precautions to take in poor visibility with regard to:
  1. speed
  2. fog signals
  3. lookout
  4. navigation lights
  5. depth sounder.
4.5Recognise buoys, beacons and their lights explaining the lateral system and the cardinal system.
5Distress signals and communications
5.1 States the conditions under which distress signals may be used and know that there is an obligation to render assistance.
5.2 Describe and recognise all the international distress signals.
5.3 Demonstrate knowledge and understand the correct use of flares (pyrotechnics) and EPIRBS describing the appropriate circumstances for their use.
5.4 Recognise the following flags and know the meaning of each one, A C N V.
5.5 Demonstrate knowledge of the correct procedures for a Mayday, Pan Pan calls and explain the circumstances that they would be used.
5.6 Explain the type of information you would receive following a Securite call.
6 Compass
6.1 Describe the Earth's magnetic field.
6.2 Define magnetic variation and explain magnetic anomalies.
6.3 Explain the use of a compass to steer a course.
6.4 Explain the conversion of true courses and bearings too magnetic.
6.5 Define deviation and describe how to minimise.
6.6 Demonstrate the use of a hand bearing compass on land or at open water and describe its limitations.
6.7 Know how to care for a compass.
7Tides
7.1 Explain the causes of tidal phenomena and the cycle of tides.
7.2 State the definition of spring tide and neap tides, heights, range and duration, MHWS, MLWS, MHWN, MLWN, chart datum.
7.3 Explain the use of tide tables.
7.4 Describe the use of charted tidal diamonds.
8Weather
8.1 Explain anticylcones and depressions and how they are shown on a weather map.
8.2 Describe the weather commonly associated with depressions, anticylcones, cold and warm fronts.
8.3 Explain wind circulation and how to finds its direction and approximate speed.
8.4 Outline the use of the barometer.
8.5 Describe land and sea breezes and the effects of terrain on local winds.
8.6 Explain the effects of changing weather conditions on local sea state.
8.7 Explain the effects of wind against tide in your local area.
8.8 State the sources of marine weather forecast.
8.9 Explain the isobars on a weather map, how to estimate and forecast wind speed and direction for the next 12 hours (example NZQA unit standard 437 interpret weather for marine conditions).
9 Ropes, anchor warps and towing
9.1 Describe the comparative strengths, characteristics and cause of deterioration of polyester, polyethylene, nylon and natural fibre ropes.
9.2 Demonstrate how to tie the following bends and hitches and know the uses of each one:
  1. round turn and two half hitches
  2. clove hitch
  3. bowline
  4. sheet bend
  5. reef knot
  6. figure of eight.
9.3 Recognise the factors to take into account when choosing a safe anchorage, describe the procedure for bringing a vessel to a single anchor, be aware of the precautions to take during an anchor watch.
9.4 Demonstrate the procedures to use when approaching and tying to a mooring station/buoy specifically set for in-water activities.
9.5 Demonstrate knowledge of several different types of anchors including the Danforth, Plough, Grapnel and their suitability to the type of sea bottom.
9.6 Describe the procedures to adopt when towing or being towed with particular reference to the use of nylon and the strength of the fittings on the boat.
10 Stability
10.1 Understand what is meant by good and poor stability and recognise warning signs of poor stability.
10.2 Describe the effects on stability in general terms and specifically with regard to vessels of six metres or less:
  1. raising or lowering weight
  2. weight distribution
  3. self draining cockpits
  4. low freeboard
  5. free water surface effect.
11 Accidents
11.1 State the correct procedures for dealing with:
  1. collision
  2. hull damage
  3. punctured pontoon
  4. grounding
  5. loss of steering
  6. fouled propeller.
11.2 Describe the procedures for:
  1. rescue of crew and passengers
  2. beaching a vessel
  3. recovering a man overboard
  4. egress of persons engaged in water activities
  5. completing an accident report.
12 Regulations
12.1 Show knowledge of the following insofar as they apply to industry specific craft of six metres or less:
  1. the water recreation regulations
  2. marine notices
  3. general harbour regulations
  4. the purpose and content of relevant sections Safe Ship Management Systems, Safe Operational Plans contained in Maritime Rules Part 21.
13 Marine Pollution
13.1 Discuss precautions to be routinely taken to prevent pollution of the marine environment by oil, garbage or other pollutants.
13.2 Explain the actions to take in the event of an oil spillage or other pollution incident.
13.3 Know that discharge of oil and sewage or disposal of garbage within the 12 mile limit is covered by regulations under the Resource Management Act.
Engineering
The syllabus for the engineering section of MSCB/MSDB insofar as it applies to the engine, its fittings and boat fittings of the industry specific boat or boats the candidate will operate.
1 Marine engines
1.1 Have a basic understanding of maintenance and preventative maintenance requirements of four and two-stroke marine engines with specific reference to outboard motors.
1.2 Know the names of basic engine parts, their basic functions and symptoms of pending breakdown.
1.3 Describe the layout and construction of fuel tanks, lines and fittings.
1.4 Show a knowledge of the safety arrangements.
1.5 Know the fuel tank filling procedure.
1.6 Understand the importance of maintaining a clean fuel and air supply.
1.7 Recognise the symptoms of faulty injectors and carburetors.
1.8 Understand the meaning of priming and how it is achieved.
1.9 Explain how to reduce fuel consumption when reserves are low.
1.10 Demonstrate a pre voyage engine check on the specific engine and its fitting using a generic checklist.
2 Cooling systems
2.1 Describe care and maintenance of the cooling system.
2.2 Understand the reason for overheating and explain actions to be taken.
2.3 Understand waterflow through a motor and know where to detect coolant exhaust (tell tail on outboards).
3 Engine starting
3.1 Understand the reason for failure to start (fuel, electrical).
3.2 Understand air blockage and how to rectify.
3.3 Understand over choking and the effects on engine starting.
3.4 Understand fuel lines, direction of flow and couplings.
3.5 Understand fuel container air lock valve and problems associated with a vacuum in fuel supply containers and fittings.
4 Power transmissions
4.1 Describe the attention required by the gearbox, shafting, stern gland, engine mountings and stern drives with emphasis on outboard motors before and during running.
4.2 Describe the action to take in the event of a propeller bush flogging out.
4.3 Describe the action to take when a propeller is damaged when run aground.
5 Steering systems
5.1 Understand the attention that steering gear requires.
5.2 Describe the operation and maintenance of an emergency steering system.
6 Electrical systems
6.1 Know how to install and maintain a battery.
6.2 Understand petrol engine spark ignition system.
6.3 Know how to diagnose common electrical ignition faults and correct them.
7 Bilge pumping systems
7.1 Understand the reason for suction loss in pumping systems.
7.2 Understand the cause of back flooding and its prevention.
7.3 Describe how to make emergency adjustments to pump bilges.
7.4 Explain the likely cause of a rise in bilge liquid level.
7.5 Understand the principle of self draining systems (duckbills).
8 Machinery checks
8.1 Know how to carry out the following:
  1. engine space checks
  2. engine prestart and idling checks
  3. steering and transmission checks
  4. alarm checks.
9 Adjustments and minor repairs
9.1 Know the symptoms and effects of inefficient running and the remedies.
9.2 Know that it is necessary to carry out periodic inspections to maker's instructions.
10 Instruments and alarms
10.1 Know the significance of abnormal readings and take the appropriate action.
10.2 Know how to check alarms and instruments are operative before use.
11Spare gear
11.1 List the machinery and electrical spares considered necessary for the anticipated voyage
11.2 Describe the tools and handbooks, which will be required.
11.3 Know what fuel, lubricating oil and fresh water reserves must be carried.
12 Fire and explosions
12.1 Understand the cause of fire and explosion and how prevented.
12.2 Describe the care location and use of fire fighting equipment.
12.3 Appreciates the dangers associated with fuel vapours, electrical equipment and hot surfaces.
12.4 Understand the care required on entering confined spaces and fighting fires.
13 Safe working practice
13.1 Knows the current marine notices, Series B dealing with marine engineering safe working practice.


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